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2.4 Operating expenses
Accounting policies
Other operating expenses include expenses other than the cost of goods sold, such as employee benefit expenses, lease expenditure, marketing costs, property and store site maintenance costs and information system expenses. Other operating expenses also include losses on the disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, losses on disposal of business operations as well as realised and unrealised losses on derivatives used for hedging foreign currency risks associated with commercial transactions.
Employee benefit expenses
€ million 2017 2016
Salaries and fees -610.9 -574.7
Social security costs -53.2 -57.5
Pension costs
Defined benefit plans -3.2 0.3
Defined contribution plans -81.8 -78.6
Share-based payment -9.8 -12.3
Total -758.8 -722.8
Information on the employee benefits of the Group’s management personnel and other related party transactions are presented in note 5.3, and information on share-based compensation in note 5.4.
Average number of the Group personnel
2017 2016
Grocery trade 6,733 8,200
Building and technical trade 13,662 12,743
Car trade 809 780
Common functions 872 752
Total 22,077 22,475
Other operating expenses
€ million 2017 2016
Lease expenditure -463.7 -458.1
Marketing costs -210.1 -219.2
Property and store site maintenance expenses -131.8 -129.0
ICT expenses -93.3 -91.8
Losses on disposal of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets -2.4 -2.1
Losses on disposal of business operations -1.5 -63.7
Realised losses on derivative contracts and changes in fair value -3.9 -3.7
Other operating expenses -160.8 -161.9
Total -1,067.5 -1,129.5

Expenses by type 2017

Expenses by type 2016

Auditors' fees
€ million 2017 2016
Fees to PwC chain companies
Audit 1.0 0.9
Tax consultation 0.1 0.1
Other services 1.2 0.3
Total 2.2 1.4
Other audit firms 1.2 2.0
Fees paid to PwC Oy for services other than audit to Kesko Group companies totalled €1.2 million.